The Stress of Work
What is stress?
Stress is a natural reaction to adapt the body to adversity, constraint or change.
How does our body respond to stress?
When our sense organs send their respective information to the brain, the hypothalamus (central control of the nervous system) analyzes that it is necessary to adapt and instantly control two adrenal glands (situated above the kidneys) to release two hormones in Our blood:
– adrenaline, which liquefies the blood, accelerates the respiratory rhythm and contracts our muscles
– cortisol which increases the resistance of our body.
The combination of these substances creates a system of action and an endurance system that allows us, in the face of adversity, constraint, changes, to be more intellectually and physically more efficient (strength, speed)
Integrate by scanning a representation of the body
Is Stress Positive or Negative?
Stress is therefore a natural response that offers the body an opportunity for enhanced action and adaptation by mobilizing our forces for survival. There is even a relationship between stress and well-being since the “optimal stress level” allows us to be more efficient ( sensation of well-done work) and that in this case dopamine (released by the hypothalamus) Provides the feeling of being “joyful”.
“Without stress, there would be no life” Hans Selye, “father” of stress.
Stress “normal”: Stress is then strictly positive, it motivates us, it is inevitable in our life at work (frictions with colleagues, hierarchy ..). Things accumulate and become too stressful when there is no opportunity to relax. It becomes badly lived.
Symptoms like anxiety, sadness, anger, sleep problems are often easily related to stress. The physician must be attentive to the patient’s speech and be able to determine if there is a normal stress or an excess of stress.
These chronic and repetitive confrontations with situations requiring the ability to adapt decisions generate a release of these substances that do not allow an adequate and adapted response of the organism. Stress therefore has negative effects when it becomes chronic and repetitive.
The small stressors that we can be confronted with on a daily basis will be added to each other and will moreover fatigue our metabolism than a great event. When one talks about stress in the pejorative sense in common sense, one speaks in fact of an accumulation of stress.
Are all individuals equally confronted with this accumulation of stress?
Stress reactions vary among individuals, in the same situation, some will feel euphoria or excitement while others will feel great discomfort.
An example of a gentleman who could never have become an urgent Maxim able to face months at sea on an oil tanker accompanying Filipinos speaking only little English and not aware of the dangers of Yoan who chose to join the corps Charged with moving about disasters like fires in Spain, the fireman (Herve richard)
They also face problems in relation to work, hierarchy, respect for processes, but also problems of privacy, and yet they do. We are not equal!